nobility and gentry

nobility and gentry
высшее и низшее / мелкопоместное дворянство

English-russian dctionary of diplomacy. 2014.

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  • Gentry — generally refers to people of high social class, especially in the past. The term derives from the Latin gens , meaning a clan or extended family. It has often referred to the class of people who owned land, but its precise meaning has varied… …   Wikipedia

  • Gentry — Gen try, n. [OE. genterie, gentrie, noble birth, nobility, cf. gentrise, and OF. gentelise, genterise, E. gentilesse, also OE. genteleri high mindedness. See {Gent}, a., {Gentle}, a.] 1. Birth; condition; rank by birth. [Obs.] Pride of gentrie.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nobility — Nobles redirects here. For other uses, see Nobles (disambiguation). For other uses, see Noble (disambiguation). Nobility is a social class which possesses more acknowledged privileges or eminence than members of most other classes in a society,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gentry, Charter to the — ▪ Russian history also called  Charter to the Nobility , formally  Charter for the Rights, Freedoms, and Privileges of the Noble Russian Gentry , Russian  Zhalovannaya Gramota Dvoryanstvu (“Given Charter for the Gentry”) , or  Gramota Na Prava,… …   Universalium

  • gentry — n. [Eng.] Middle class, people of good position (between the nobility and the vulgar) …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • gentry — c.1300, nobility of rank or birth, from O.Fr. genterise, variant of gentilise noble birth, gentleness, from gentil (see GENTLE (Cf. gentle)). Meaning noble persons is from 1520s. Earlier in both senses was gentrice (c.1200 as nobility of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gentry (China) — In imperial China, gentry were the class of landowners who were retired mandarins or their descendants. Their power and influence eclipsed that of the Chinese nobility during the Tang dynasty when the civil service exam replaced the nine rank… …   Wikipedia

  • nobility — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) High rank Nouns 1. nobility, aristocracy, quality, gentility, rank, condition, title, distinction, [blue] blood, [high] birth, high degree; pedigree, lineage. See posterity, ancestry, superiority, pride …   English dictionary for students

  • Nobility — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Nobility >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 nobility nobility rank condition distinction optimacy blood pur sang birth high descent order Sgm: N 1 quality quality gentility …   English dictionary for students

  • gentry — /jen tree/, n. 1. wellborn and well bred people. 2. (in England) the class below the nobility. 3. an upper or ruling class; aristocracy. 4. those who are not members of the nobility but are entitled to a coat of arms, esp. those owning large… …   Universalium

  • gentry — n.pl. 1 the people next below the nobility in position and birth. 2 derog. people (these gentry). Etymology: prob. f. obs. gentrice f. OF genterise var. of gentelise nobility f. gentil GENTLE …   Useful english dictionary

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